Stress and anxiety in nursing students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic
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Palabras clave

Ansiedad; COVID-19; Estudiantes de enfermería; Salud mental; Trastornos de estrés

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1.
Robledo Martín J, Acea López L, Alcolea Cosín MT, Pérez Urdiales I, Bellon F, Oter Quintana C, Blanco Blanco J, Rubinat Arnaldo E, Pastor Bravo M del M, Briones Vozmediano E. Stress and anxiety in nursing students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Arch Prev Riesgos Labor [Internet]. 18 de enero de 2024 [citado 23 de julio de 2024];27(1):28-40. Disponible en: https://archivosdeprevencion.eu/index.php/aprl/article/view/315

Resumen

Objetivo: Comparar los niveles de ansiedad y estrés agudo entre los/las estudiantes de enfermería que se incorporaron al trabajo durante la primera ola de la pandemia de COVID-19 y aquellos que no lo hicieron.

Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal multicéntrico realizado en tres universidades públicas españolas. Un total de 216 estudiantes de enfermería participaron en nuestro estudio. La recopilación de datos se realizó mediante un formulario en línea. Se recopilaron variables relacionadas con las condiciones para ingresar al mercado laboral y se incluyó la Escala de Autoevaluación de Ansiedad de Zung y el Cuestionario de Reacción Aguda al Estrés de Stanford. Se llevaron a cabo análisis univariados y multivariados.

Resultados: El 42,6% de los estudiantes ingresaron al mercado laboral. La puntuación global de ansiedad fue x?=36,31 (DE=5,71) y la puntuación de estrés fue x?=82,39 (DE=30,84). Los niveles más bajos de ansiedad se encontraron en aquellos que se incorporaron al mercado laboral (x?=35,67; DE=5,78), en comparación con aquellos que no lo hicieron (x?=36,73; DE=5,67). El 92,4% del total de alumnos presentaron estrés agudo. El estrés agudo fue mayor en aquellos que no trabajaron (x?=84,35; DE=32,38), y significativamente en mujeres. 

Conclusiones: Los estudiantes de enfermería mostraron ser capaces de hacer frente al estrés en situaciones como la pandemia de COVID-19. No se puede descartar un efecto del trabajador sano. El estrés y ansiedad de los estudiantes de enfermería deben tenerse en cuenta por los tutores de prácticas clínicas y cuando se incorporan al mercado laboral por primera vez. 

https://doi.org/10.12961/aprl.2024.27.01.03
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Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0.

Derechos de autor 2024 Juana Robledo Martín, Lorena Acea López, María Teresa Alcolea Cosín, Iratxe Pérez Urdiales, Filip Bellon, Cristina Oter Quintana, Joan Blanco Blanco, Esther Rubinat Arnaldo, María del Mar Pastor Bravo, Erica Briones Vozmediano

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