Revisión bibliográfica sobre la eficacia del ejercicio excéntrico como tratamiento para la tendinopatía del tendón de Aquiles
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Palabras clave

Tendón de Aquiles; Rehabilitación; Tendinopatías Ejercicio

Cómo citar

1.
Arnal-Gómez A, Espí-López GV, Cano-Heras D, Muñoz-Gómez E, Balbastre Tejedor I, Ramírez-Iñiguez de la Torre MV, Vicente-Herrero MT. Revisión bibliográfica sobre la eficacia del ejercicio excéntrico como tratamiento para la tendinopatía del tendón de Aquiles. Arch Prev Riesgos Labor [Internet]. 15 de abril de 2020 [citado 29 de septiembre de 2020];23(2):211-33. Disponible en: https://archivosdeprevencion.eu/index.php/aprl/article/view/43

Resumen

Introducción: las tendinopatías son consecuencia de cargas excesivas en el tendón, por lo que son frecuentes en el ámbito laboral debido a movimientos repetitivos y posturas forzadas. La tendinopatía de Aquiles se caracteriza por una respuesta de curación desorganizada, asociada a cierto grado de neovascularización, siendo el tratamiento conservador la estrategia inicial.

Objetivos realizar una revisión bibliográfica para analizr la efectividad de los tratamientos utilizados en la tendinopatía aquilea a partir de los estudios incluidos.

Material y métodos: revisión bibliográfica de artículos científicos consultando las bases de datos PubMed y The Cochrane Library utilizando las palabras clave “((tendinopathy) AND (Achilles Tendon) AND (exercise OR exercise therapy OR Muscle Stretching Exercises OR physical therapy modalities OR rehabilitation))”. 

Resultados: Se obtuvieron 635 refrencias en Pubmed y 134 en Cochrane Library, de los cuales 14 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Los estudios seleccionados mostraron que, en general, los ejercicios excéntricos son una terapia efectiva aplicada entre 6 y 12 semanas en la tendinopatía de Aquiles, sin combinar o combinada con la plataforma de vibración, complementos nutricionales, tratamiento de tejidos blandos, terapia de láser o terapia de ondas de choque.

Conclusión: la revisión muestra que el ejercicio excéntrico presenta los mejores resultados en el tratamiento de la tendinopatía aquilea.

https://doi.org/10.12961/aprl.2020.23.02.07
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Citas

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